You are a bus driver. The bus starts out empty.
At the first stop 4 people get on.
At the second stop, 8 people get on and 3 get off.
At the third stop, 2 people get off and 4 get on.
The question is, what color are the bus driver's eyes?
Since the riddle starts out by saying you are the bus driver, the answer would be the color of your own eyes.
See also best riddles or new riddles.crazyfunnylogicshort
What's round and bad-tempered?
A vicious circle.logicmathprobability
What is the least number of people that need to be in a room such that there is greater than a 50% chance that at least two of the people have the same birthday?
Only 23 people need to be in the room.
Our first observation in solving this problem is the following:
(the probability that at least 2 people have the same birthday + the probability that nobody has the same birthday) = 1.0
What this means is that there is a 100% chance that EITHER everybody in the room has a different birthday, OR at least two people in the room have the same birthday (and these probabilities don't add up to more than 1.0 because they cover mutually exclusive situations).
With some simple re-arranging of the formula, we get:
the probability that at least 2 people have the same birthday = (1.0 - the probability that nobody has the same birthday)
So now if we can find the probability that nobody in the room has the same birthday, we just subtract this value from 1.0 and we'll have our answer.
The probability that nobody in the room has the same birthday is fairly straightforward to calculate. We can think of this as a "selection without replacement" problem, where each person "selects" a birthday at random, and we then have to figure out the probability that no two people select the same birthday. The first selection has a 365/365 chance of being different than the other birthdays (since none have been selected yet). The next selection has a 364/365 chance of being different than the 1 birthday that has been selected so far. The next selection has a 363/365 chance of being different than the 2 birthdays that have been selected so far.
These probabilities are multiplied together since each is conditional on the previous. So for example, the probability that nobody in a room of 3 people have the same birthday is (365/365 * 364/365 * 363/365) =~ 0.9918
More generally, if there are n people in a room, then the probability that nobody has the same birthday is (365/365 * 364/365 * ... * (365-n+2)/365 * (365-n+1)/365)
We can plug in values for n. For n=22, we get that the probability that nobody has the same birthday is 0.524, and thus the probabilty that at least two people have the same birthday is (1.0 - 0.524) = 0.476 = 47.6%.
Then for n=23, we get that the probability that nobody has the same birthday is 0.493, and thus the probabilty that at least two people have the same birthday is 1.0 - 0.493) = 0.507 = 50.7%. Thus, once we get to 23 people we have reached the 50% threshold.crazyshort
What is a cheerleaders favorite color?
What did the Mommy ghost say to the baby ghost?
Don't spook until you are spooken too.crazyfunnyshort
When does an British Potato changes its nationality?
When it become french fires.funnylogicmathshort
What do you get if you add 2 to 200 four times?
202 , 202 , 202 , 202.cleanlogicshort
Tall I am young, short I am old. While with life I glow, wind is my foe. What am I?
How far can a fox run into a grove?
Only halfway - then he’s running out of it!cleanlogicshort
Beth's mother has three daughters. One is called Lara, the other one is Sara. What is the name of the third daughter?
Why did the banana go to the doctor?
Because it was not peeling well.